Ironwood - Ostrya virginiana

Ironwood is a smaller tree that creates great layering.  Leaves persist through winter. Seed capsules look like hops, hence the other common name of “hop-hornbeam".  

 

Mature size: 20 - 30' high, 20 - 30' wide

Location: Sunny with dry soil, sunny with average soil moisture, partial sun with dry soil, partial sun with average soil moisture, shady with dry soil, shady with average soil moisture