Ironwood - Ostrya virginiana
Ironwood is a smaller tree that creates great layering. Leaves persist through winter. Seed capsules look like hops, hence the other common name of “hop-hornbeam".
Mature size: 20 - 30' high, 20 - 30' wide
Location: Sunny with dry soil, sunny with average soil moisture, partial sun with dry soil, partial sun with average soil moisture, shady with dry soil, shady with average soil moisture